5e SRD >Equipment >

Armor

Armor Categories | Armor Statistics | Getting Into and Out of Armor

Fantasy gaming worlds are a vast tapestry made up of many different cultures, each with its own technology level. For this reason, adventurers have access to a variety of armor types, ranging from leather armor to chain mail to costly plate armor, with several other kinds of armor in between. The Armor and Shields table collects the most commonly available types of armor found in the game and separates them into three categories: light armor, medium armor, and heavy armor. Many warriors supplement their armor with a shield.

The Armor and Shields table shows the cost, weight, and other properties of the common types of armor worn in fantasy gaming worlds.

Table: Armor and Shields

Light Armor
Armor Armor Class (AC) Strength Stealth Weight Cost
Padded 11 + Dex modifier Disadvantage 8 lb. 5 gp
Leather 11 + Dex modifier 10 lb. 10 gp
Studded Leather 12 + Dex modifier 13 lb. 45 gp
Medium Armor
Armor Armor Class (AC) Strength Stealth Weight Cost
Hide 12 + Dex modifier (max 2) 12 lb. 10 gp
Chain Shirt 13 + Dex modifier (max 2) 20 lb. 50 gp
Scale Mail 14 + Dex modifier (max 2) Disadvantage 45 lb. 50 gp
Breastplate 14 + Dex modifier (max 2) 20 lb. 400 gp
Half Plate 15 + Dex modifier (max 2) Disadvantage 40 lb. 750 gp
Heavy Armor
Armor Armor Class (AC) Strength Stealth Weight Cost
Ring Mail 14 Disadvantage 40 lb. 30 gp
Chain Mail 16 Str 13 Disadvantage 55 lb. 75 gp
Splint 17 Str 15 Disadvantage 60 lb. 200 gp
Plate 18 Str 15 Disadvantage 65 lb. 1,500 gp
Shield
Armor Armor Class (AC) Strength Stealth Weight Cost
Shield +2 6 lb. 10 gp

Back to Top

Armor Categories

Light Armor: Made from supple and thin materials, light armor favors agile adventurers since it offers some protection without sacrificing mobility. If you wear light armor, you add your Dexterity modifier to the base number from your armor type to determine your Armor Class.

Medium Armor: Medium armor offers more protection than light armor, but it also impairs movement more. If you wear medium armor, you add your Dexterity modifier, to a maximum of +2, to the base number from your armor type to determine your Armor Class.

Heavy Armor: Of all the armor categories, heavy armor offers the best protection. These suits of armor cover the entire body and are designed to stop a wide range of attacks. Only proficient warriors can manage their weight and bulk. Heavy armor doesn’t let you add your Dexterity modifier to your Armor Class, but it also doesn’t penalize you if your Dexterity modifier is negative.

Shields: A shield is made from wood or metal and is carried in one hand. Wielding a shield increases your Armor Class by 2. You can benefit from only one shield at a time.

Back to Top

Armor Statistics

Armor Proficiency: Anyone can put on a suit of armor or strap a shield to an arm. Only those proficient in the armor’s use know how to wear it effectively, however. Your class gives you proficiency with certain types of armor. If you wear armor that you lack proficiency with, you have disadvantage on any ability check, saving throw, or attack roll that involves Strength or Dexterity, and you can’t cast spells.

Armor Class (AC): Armor protects its wearer from attacks. The armor (and shield) you wear determines your base Armor Class.

Stealth: If the Armor table shows “Disadvantage” in the Stealth column, the wearer has disadvantage on Dexterity (Stealth) checks.

Strength: Heavier armor interferes with the wearer’s ability to move quickly, stealthily, and freely. If the Armor table shows “Str 13” or “Str 15” in the Strength column for an armor type, the armor reduces the wearer’s speed by 10 feet unless the wearer has a Strength score equal to or higher than the listed score.

Back to Top

Getting Into and Out of Armor

Table: Donning and Doffing Armor
Category Don Doff
Light Armor 1 minute 1 minute
Medium Armor 5 minutes 1 minute
Heavy Armor 10 minutes 5 minutes
Shield 1 action 1 action

The time it takes to don or doff armor depends on the armor’s category.

Don: This is the time it takes to put on armor. You benefit from the armor’s AC only if you take the full time to don the suit of armor.

Doff: This is the time it takes to take off armor. If you have help, reduce this time by half.

Back to Top